Roseville's land was originally home to the Dakota and Ojibway. The first white settlers came in 1843, and the Native Americans left the area by 1862. Rose Township was established in 1850; it was named after one of the first settlers, Isaac Rose.
The township included the areas now known as Roseville, Lauderdale, and Falcon Heights, as well as parts of present-day Saint Paul and Minneapolis. The area saw rapid growth through the 1930s and 1940s, and Roseville incorporated as a village in 1948 to accommodate it. Falcon Heights and Lauderdale soon followed suit, and Rose Township ceased to exist.
The 45th parallel crosses the city; a marker at the northeast corner of the intersection of Cleveland Avenue and Loren Road identifies the location.
As of the census of 2010, there were 33,660 people, 14,623 households, and 8,406 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,589.2 inhabitants per square mile (999.7 /km2). There were 15,490 housing units at an average density of 1,191.5 per square mile (460.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.3% White, 6.2% African American, 0.5% Native American, 7.3% Asian, 2.0% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.6% of the population.
About 2.6% of families and 4.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.
Roseville's property taxes are some of the lowest in the Twin Cities metropolitan area, owing in part to the extensive commercially zoned land. Several major shopping centers are in Roseville, including Rosedale Center and the Har Mar Mall. The city's per-capita retail spending is slightly higher than that of Bloomington (home of the Mall of America), and it has the greatest number of restaurants per capita in the area.
The first Target store was built in 1962 in Roseville and replaced in 2005 with a SuperTarget; Roseville is also home to the first Barnes & Noble bookstore outside New York City and the first McDonald's and Dairy Queen restaurants in the state of Minnesota. The Dairy Queen is currently on the Preservation Alliance of Minnesota's list of the 10 Most Endangered Historic Places.
Roseville Library (at Hamline Avenue and County Road B) is the busiest library in Minnesota. It is the largest location in the Ramsey County Library system, with over 340,000 volumes in its collection, nearly three times that of any other branch in the county. It was torn down and rebuilt with larger capacity in 2010. Only the downtown Saint Paul library, with around 400,000 volumes, has more materials.
Parks and Lakes
Autumn Grove Park
Bruce Russell Park
Howard Johnson Park
Keller Mayflower Park
Langton Lake Park
Owasso Hills Park
Cedarholm Golf Course (County Road B2 and Hamline Avenue)
Estimated median house or condo value in 2011: $205,605 (it was $139,800 in 2000)
Mean prices in 2011: All housing units: $260,440; Detached houses: $279,910; Townhouses or other attached units: $250,186; In 2-unit structures: $264,390; In 5-or-more-unit structures: $125,911; Mobile homes: $20,541
Median gross rent in 2011: $848.
March 2012 cost of living index in Roseville: 114.6 (more than average, U.S. average is 100)
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