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home | Locations | FACTS & FIGURES FOR FREDERICKSBURG, . . .

Ivan Gillis
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Fredericksburg, Texas


Fredericksburg is a city in Gillespie County, Texas, United States. The community of Luckenbach, immortalized in country music, is near Fredericksburg.


The town is also notable as the home of Texas German, a German dialect spoken by the first generations of settlers who initially refused to learn English. They brokered with the Natives of that region the only Indian-Anglo treaty in the United States which has not yet been broken. They refused to own slaves and were an important part of the Pro-Union Texas resistance during the Civil War, facing ostracization from their slaveholding neighbors. Its concentration of German-American settlers means that it shares many cultural characteristics with New Braunfels, another German Texan town.


Fredericksburg was the birthplace of Admiral Chester Nimitz, Commander-in-Chief of the U.S. Pacific Forces in World War II. The hotel owned by Nimitz's grandfather has been converted into a museum, named the National Museum of the Pacific War honoring the men and women who served with Nimitz in the war. After the war, the Japanese government gifted a Zen Garden to the museum as a tribute to the Nimitz Family.


Northern Gillespie County is home to one of the state's best-known geographical landmarks, Enchanted Rock. The Rock is a huge, pink granite exfoliation dome, that rises 425 feet above ground, 1825 feet above sea level, and covers 640 acres. It is one of the largest batholiths (underground rock formation uncovered by erosion) in the United States.


Fredericksburg is also home to a unique form of residential architecture called "Sunday Houses". These houses were built by the early German settlers of Fredericksburg as weekend homes, since a large majority of the counties' population lived in outlying rural areas. The settlers would use these homes while in town for the weekend; often to patronize local merchants and attend church services. The form of these houses often consisted of several rooms downstairs, with an upstairs sleeping loft that was accessed by an outside staircase.


Fredericksburg is located near the center of the wine industry in central Texas. The designated American Viticultural Areas of Fredericksburg in the Texas Hill Country AVA and the much larger Texas Hill Country AVA both include Fredericksburg inside their boundaries. Fredericksburg is a common starting point or destination for tourists visiting wineries in the Texas Hill Country.




Population (year 2000): 8,911. Estimated population in July 2006: 10,752 (+20.7% change)


Males: 3,999 


Females: 4,912 



Median Age--47.2 Years

Ancestries: German (36.6%), English (10.8%), United States (7.3%), Irish (7.2%), Scotch-Irish (2.9%), French (2.9%).

Races in Fredericksburg:

  • White Non-Hispanic (81.7%)
  • Hispanic (17.0%)
  • Other race (5.1%)
  • Two or more races (1.1%)
  • American Indian (0.7%)

(Total can be greater than 100% because Hispanics could be counted in other races)


Income & Housing Costs Numbers:


Estimated median household income in 2005: $35,100 (it was $32,276 in 2000)






Estimated median house/condo value in 2005: $107,900 (it was $91,300 in 2000)








Elevation: 1702 feet

Land area: 6.64 square miles.

Population density--1564 per square mile--low.

Fredericksburg-area historical tornado activity is below Texas state average. It is 2% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 5/11/1999, a category 4 (max. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado 27.5 miles away from the Fredericksburg city center killed one person and injured 6 people and caused $750,000 in damages.

On 10/12/2001, a category 3 (max. wind speeds 158-206 mph) tornado 14.0 miles away from the city center injured 5 people and caused $1 million in damages.

In-Depth Facts and Figures as listed below, plus other information:

·        Climate Charts

1.      Average Temperature

2.      Precipitation (Rain)

3.      Humidity

4.      Wind Speed (MPH)

5.      Snowfall

6.      Sunshine

7.      Cloudy Days

·        Tornado Activity History

·        Hospitals & Medical

·        Airports

·        Colleges/Universities

·        High Schools

·        Locations of Interest

·        Shopping Centers

·        Churches

·        Lakes/Streams/Rivers/Creeks/Parks

·        Tourist Attractions

·        Banks

·        Housing Costs Information

·        Crime Statistics

·        Radio Stations AM/FM

·        TV Broadcast Stations

·        Discussion Forums


For the above information and photos, click this link:


Total Tax Burden--Data for Calculation


Sales Taxes
State Sales Tax:
6.25% (food, prescription and non-prescription drugs exempt); local option taxes can raise the rate to 8.25%.
Gasoline Tax: 20 cents/gallon
Diesel Fuel Tax: 20 cents/gallon
Cigarette Tax: $1.41 cents/pack of 20

Personal Income Taxes 
No state personal income tax
Retirement Income: Not taxed.

Property Taxes 
Property tax is imposed by local taxing units.  For homeowners 65 and older, $10,000 (in addition to the regular $15,000 homestead exemption) of the property's assessed value is exempt from school taxes and $3,000 is exempt from other local taxes.  Once an over-65 homeowner qualifies for an over-65 homestead exemption for school taxes, that owner gets a tax ceiling for that home on school taxes.  If the homeowner improves the home (other than normal repairs or maintenance), the tax ceiling is adjusted for the new additions.  School district taxes are frozen for seniors (65 and older) and disabled persons at the level imposed on the residence the first year that the taxpayer qualified for the residence exemption.  Counties, cities, towns, and junior college districts are permitted to establish a tax freeze on homesteads of those age 65 and older or disabled.  For more information on exemptions, click here.

Inheritance and Estate Taxes
There is no inheritance and the estate tax is limited and related to federal estate tax collection.


For further information, visit the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts site or call the appropriate office using telephone numbers found on the site.

Cost of Living Calculators Links:

Wikipedia Information Link:,_Texas






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